Elődről, a bolíviai politikai helyzetről szól.
Elődért, a halottakért és mindenkiért, akit politikai okok miatt üldöznek, bebörtönöznek és meggyilkolnak.
Szeretnélek kérni benneteket, hogy írjatok levelet Elődnek! Küldjetek kiolvasott újságot, kiolvasott könyvet neki!! Mutassuk meg, hogy nem lehet komcsi módszerekkel megfélemlíteni egy magyart !! Ha elvesznek tőle tízet-küldünk helyette százat!!
Létezik egy posta-kész közepes boríték ( tengeren túli ) a postákon, 840 Ft az ára, abba ami belefér, mérlegelés nélkül elküldhető. Csak jól le kell ragasztani. Igaz úgyis kivágják :))
A címet személyesen elküldöm mindenkinek. firstname.lastname@example.org
Many people write to me.
You ask how you can help. Now who want, can help. Please think through
what kind of personal contacts you have with foreign newspapers, tv-s?
What is your relationship with international organizations? Write for
your friends from the press, that is a case close to your heart, and ask
him-her to write about in his ( her ) press. Send me his e-mail address
and, mine to him. (Tóásó Edit , email@example.com) It is very
important to take the case to the world's mouth, and this can help you a
lot now. Please do it. Bring the case in the international press.
would need a couple of people who translate into English and other
languages the hungarian articles, and news. A large number of work per
week. But I think that you are, who in turning with this help the case
in the right direction.
Pls speak, write for your friend who are
working in International Organizations. Draw his ( her ) attention, on
our case and ask for his help.
is a constitutional, multiparty democracy with a population of
approximately 9.7 million. In December 2009 in a process deemed free and
fair by international observers, citizens reelected Evo Morales Ayma,
leader of the Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) party, as president.
Security forces reported to civilian authorities.
The principal human rights problems reported were killings and
torture by security forces; harsh prison conditions; allegations of
arbitrary arrest and detention; an ineffective, overburdened, and
corrupt judiciary; a "partly free" media; corruption and a lack of
transparency in the government; trafficking in persons; child labor;
forced or coerced labor; and harsh working conditions in the mining
sector. RESPECT FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
Section 1 Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including Freedom From:
a. Arbitrary or Unlawful Deprivation of Life
The government or its agents did not commit any politically motivated
killings; however, in May police killed two youths during violent
protests, and in July a man was killed while in police custody.
On May 8, Bolivian National Police (BNP) officers killed two youths,
Fidel Jimenez and Mario Hernani, during a conflict in the La Paz
departmental town of Caranavi. Reports by the government's ombudsperson,
the United Nations High Commission for Human Rights (UNHCHR), and the
independent Permanent Assembly of Human Rights of Bolivia concluded that
the deaths resulted from the use of excessive force; however, the
parliament's Human Rights Committee concluded that the government
On July 6, El Alto resident David Olorio Apaza allegedly was tortured
and killed while in BNP custody. Police detained him for suspected
robbery of a tollbooth. According to the report by the government's
ombudsman, BNP Colonel Israel Vega ordered Olorio removed from his cell
for questioning during which he was allegedly tortured and killed. The
autopsy revealed his cause of death to be asphyxia due to compression of
the neck and chest. The prosecutor's office investigation involving the
actions of Vega and BNP officers Lieutenant Omar Antezana, Sergeant
Juan de la Cruz, and Officers Juan Villa and Luis Aquino Mamani, was
ongoing at year's end. According to media reports and a report by the
ombudsman, the prosecutor in charge received threats surrounding the
case, and the members of the judiciary involved in the case wore
bulletproof jackets to a September hearing in response to threats. The
ombudsman's report stated that the prosecutor should investigate the
involvement of police at higher levels than those who were on trial and
included proceedings against Prosecutor Veronica Angula Viscarra, who
the ombudsman alleged made false statements to the public during the
Although the prosecutor has continued the investigation into the 2009
killing of three alleged terrorists in Santa Cruz, there have been no
developments in the use of force by police during this event.
Mob violence, sometimes characterized by perpetrators as "indigenous
justice" or "community justice," led to some violent deaths. Although
the constitution discusses the concept of "indigenous justice," the
government rejected the interpretation that it permits mob violence,
noting that the constitution specifically bans capital punishment. Many
observers attributed such "community justice" to the absence of
effective police and judicial presence in many urban and rural areas.
Killings committed in the name of community justice occurred during the
year. While there were no official statistics for such crimes, the media
reported approximately 15 cases of community justice that resulted in
one or more deaths. According to the UNHCHR, lynching increased,
especially in El Alto and Santa Cruz.
On May 23, community members captured, reportedly tortured, and
executed four police officers in the Potosi town of Uncia. The police
officers, Nelson Alcocer Casano, Ruben Cruz Aruquipa, Esteban Alave
Arias, and Miguel Ramos Palluni, were part of the BNP's Vehicle Robbery
Prevention Unit. Community members claimed the police officers had a
history of extorting bribes and killing those who could not pay.
Government authorities and families of the slain police officers did not
recover the bodies until after two weeks of negotiations with the
community members. The government's ombudsperson criticized the
government's slow reaction to the killings and unwillingness to order
police to enter the community in force. Police arrested and detained
community members Filomena Muruchi, Juan Coyo Rojas, Angel Coyo Aro,
Eloy Janayo Choque, Anacleto Mendoza Aro, and Hilarion Escapa Gallego.
Gallego was the only defendant to plead not guilty and requested
termination of his detention, which was denied at a hearing on November
5. The investigation was ongoing at year's end.
On September 15, community members buried alive three brothers,
Basil, Sabino, and Ignacio Flores, in the Cochabamba town of Tapacari.
According to an ongoing investigation by Cochabamba Police Commander
Hernan Trujillo, the brothers were killed following a border conflict
among several farming communities that had left one farmer dead.
On September 11, witnesses began testifying in the ongoing
investigation of the 2008 deaths of 13 persons in the cities of Porvenir
and Cobija in Pando. A June 19 Amnesty International statement urged
that the judiciary proceed with this case. On October 12, within the
18-month period allowed for investigation, prosecutors brought formal
charges against former prefect (governor) Leopoldo Fernandez and other
defendants for their alleged roles in the 2008 Pando conflict. Fernandez
remained in detention while awaiting completion of the trial. During
the court sessions, the lawyer for Fernandez stated that due process was
violated. There were no other developments at year's end.
There were no developments in the prosecutor's investigation into the
2008 deaths of two miners during a confrontation with police in
Cahuasi, near the border of Oruro and Cochabamba departments, or in the
2008 request by the Supreme Court to authorize an impeachment trial for
members of the Ministry of Government, including former government
minister Alfredo Rada, implicated in the 2007 killings of three persons
in Sucre allegedly by security forces.
There were no reports of politically motivated disappearances.
On February 17, after a nine-month standoff, Armed Forces Commander
in Chief General Ramiro de la Fuente denied a civilian investigator
access to archives that reportedly contained information regarding
approximately 150 persons "disappeared" during the country's military
dictatorship period. The minister of defense had previously assured the
public that the investigator would have free access to the archives.
There were no further developments by year's end.
c. Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
The constitution and laws prohibit such practices; however, there were several reports of torture by security forces.
On March 16, six police officers of the Special Tactical Crime
Investigation Group in Cochabamba reportedly tortured Colombian citizen
Mauricio Escobar Suarez whom they arrested for suspected involvement in
weapons trafficking and robbery. The victim claimed that he was tortured
by electric shocks and suffocation that resulted in what the victim
claims was physical and mental torture. Both the Ombudsman's Office and
the district attorney requested an official investigation into the
police officers who participated in the arrest of the victim. However,
the prosecutor assigned to the case rejected the claim of torture,
stating that there were no grounds to support a charge. The Cochabamba
Office for Professional Responsibility began disciplinary processes, but
by year's end there was no update on criminal proceedings.
On April 17, Justo Romero Limon, an employee of a fishing and hunting
store in Santa Cruz, alleged he was held and tortured for four hours by
persons who he claimed were members of the BNP investigating a
weapons-trafficking case. He stated that BNP officers covered him with a
plastic bag and beat him while asking him where the weapons were
located. The BNP refused to accept his formal complaints several days
after the incident.
On July 6, BNP officers allegedly tortured David Olorio Apaza before
he was killed in El Alto according to a report by the ombudsman (see
There were no developments concerning allegations of abuse during the
April 2009 arrest of Mario Tadic and Elod Toaso in connection with
alleged terrorist activities or in the May 2009 claim of torture by
On September 25, national television broadcast videotapes from 2009
showing military trainers beating and apparently waterboarding
conscripts, specifically conscript Guido Alvaro Lopez Cortez of Oruro.
President Morales declared the allegations of torture as very serious
and stated the perpetrators would be brought to justice. The ombudsman
confirmed that said actions were torture. The accused military persons
were suspended, but despite government pledges of cooperation,
prosecutors in the case criticized the military's lack of
responsiveness. The investigation continued at year's end.
Two incidents of nonlethal mob violence were reported. On August 3,
mobs attacked Potosi Governor Felix Gonzales with stones during a 19-day
blockade and strike. In the same protest, mobs attacked the home of
Vice Minister for Coordination with Social Movements Cesar Navarro
before being dispersed by police. During the week of December 27, mob
violence was reported in La Paz and El Alto in reaction to the December
26 government decree to remove gasoline subsidies. The protests ended
after the government repealed the decree on December 31.
Following the 2009 mob invasion of his home, former vice president
Victor Hugo Cardenas initiated criminal investigations against Alfredo
Huanapaco, Cruz Alarcon, Beatriz Quispe, and Gonzalo Aduviri for not
returning his home and property. The judge in the case has not yet given
Cardenas permission to return to his house, and the trial was ongoing
at year's end.
In May 2009 the pro-MAS Federation of Indigenous People of Eastern
Bolivia (CIDOB) announced they had applied "community justice" to Beni
Department Director of Indigenous Development Marcial Fabricano by
publicly whipping him 50 times. CIDOB leader Adolfo Chavez stated that
Fabricano was punished for not appointing MAS leaders to prominent
positions in Beni. Fabricano opened a case against CIDOB leaders, and
the government disavowed the attack and started a formal investigation.
No results were announced by year's end.
Prison and Detention Center Conditions
Prison conditions were harsh. Prisons were overcrowded and in poor
condition. Government authorities effectively controlled only the outer
security perimeter of each prison. Prisoners usually maintained control,
and gangs directed criminal activity from their cells.
Violence among prisoners, and in some cases the involvement of prison officials in violence against prisoners, were problems.
On November 25, in the maximum-security prison Chonchocoro La Paz,
inmate Angel Fernando Mantilla Apaza, who had been declared a
"dangerous" inmate by then director of Chonchocoro prison Hernan Ramirez
Mendez, killed Peruvian national Junco Alberto Caceres by multiple
gunshots. According to his relatives, Caceres was killed because he had
threatened to disclose alleged links between police and robbers in the
Olorio Apaza case (see section 1.a.). Research by the Ombudsman's Office
revealed that the prisons did not transfer dangerous inmates, including
Mantilla Apaza, as they had stated they would. An investigation was
initiated into the prison system's role in the death of Ramirez Mendez
and continued at year's end.
Corruption was a problem among low-ranking and poorly paid guards and
prison wardens. Overcrowding and poor conditions in detention centers
remained a problem. A prisoner's wealth often determined cell size,
visiting privileges, day-pass eligibility, and place or length of
confinement. Inmates reportedly paid fees to prior cell occupants or to
prisoners who controlled cellblocks.
The standard prison diet was insufficient, and prisoners who could afford to do so supplemented rations by buying food.
The law provides that prisoners have access to medical care, but care
was inadequate, and it was difficult for prisoners to get permission
for outside medical treatment. NGOs and prisoners reported cases of
tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS in jails. However, affluent prisoners could
obtain transfers to preferred prisons or even to outside private
institutional care for "medical" reasons. Inmates who could pay had
access to drugs and alcohol, and sometimes they used children to traffic
drugs inside the prisons. There were 8,300 inmates in facilities
designed to hold 4,700 prisoners. There were separate prisons for women,
except for Morros Blancos Prison in Tarija, where men and women shared
facilities. Conditions for female inmates were similar to those for men;
however, overcrowding at the San Sebastian women's prison in Cochabamba
was worse than in most prisons for men.
According to Ministry of Government officials, 700 convicted
juveniles (16 to 21 years old) were not segregated from adult prisoners
in jails. According to interviews, adult inmates sometimes abused the
juvenile prisoners. Rehabilitation programs for juveniles or other
prisoners were scarce to nonexistent. Pretrial detainees were held with
Although the law permits children up to six years old to live with an
incarcerated parent, children as old as 12 lived with their parents in
prisons. (The law also permits spouses to live in prison.) Approximately
1,400 children lived with a parent in prison as an alternative to being
left homeless. During school vacations the number of children in prison
with parents sometimes doubled.
Prison detainees had reasonable access to visitors and were permitted
religious observance. Authorities permitted prisoners to submit
complaints periodically to a commission of district judges, which then
investigate; however, many complaints of abuses are not submitted
because inmates were afraid of prison retaliation.
The government generally permitted prison visits by independent human
rights observers, judges, and media representatives, and such visits
took place during the year.
d. Arbitrary Arrest or Detention
The law prohibits arbitrary arrest and detention; however, in one
case security forces seized and held an individual under legally
On March 10, police arrested and temporarily detained Eduardo Paz,
president of the Santa Cruz Chamber of Industry, Trade, Services, and
Tourism, for alleged connection to the 2009 terrorism case in Santa
Cruz. There was no warrant or arraignment order against him, nor was
there a subpoena for him to testify. There were no subsequent
developments in this case.
Jorge Melgar Quete remained in a La Paz jail awaiting trial after his
2008 arrest for publicly calling for the "liquidation" of President
Morales. The opposition maintained Melgar was jailed for disseminating
video of Presidency Minister Quintana calling for the "political burial"
of then Pando prefect Leopoldo Fernandez.
Role of the Police and Security Apparatus
The national police have primary responsibility for internal
security, but military forces may be called upon for help in critical
situations. The national police disciplined officers by issuing 826
administrative sanctions and arrested 281 police officers, suspending
them from duty. Prosecutors were sometimes reluctant to prosecute
security officials for alleged offenses committed while on duty, in part
because they relied on the Judicial Technical Police to investigate its
own officers. NGOs charged that several investigations into potential
human rights violations by the military stalled or proceeded slowly due
to an administrative policy prohibiting the military from commenting on
its activities, a policy that can be overruled by civilian judges.
During the year the government provided in-depth human rights training to 3,129 police officers.
Arrest Procedures and Treatment While in Detention
Arrests were generally carried out openly, but there were credible reports of arbitrary arrests and detentions.
The law requires an arrest warrant, and police must inform the
prosecutor of an arrest within eight hours. The law requires that a
detainee see a judge within 24 hours (except under a declared state of
siege, in which a detainee may be held for 48 hours), at which time the
judge must determine the appropriateness of continued pretrial detention
or release on bail. The judge must order the detainee's release if the
prosecutor fails to show sufficient grounds for arrest. Credible reports
indicated that in some cases detainees were held for more than 24 hours
without court approval.
More than 75 percent of detainees awaited sentencing, but the courts
provided release on bail for some detainees. Judges have the authority
to order preventive detention for suspects deemed a flight risk. If a
suspect is not detained, a judge may order significant restrictions on
the suspect's movements. Detainees generally had prompt access to their
families and were allowed access to lawyers, but approximately 70
percent could not afford legal counsel, and public defenders were scarce
Denial of justice through prolonged detention remained a problem.
Although the law establishes that a case's investigatory phase cannot
exceed a maximum of 18 months and that the trial phase cannot exceed
three years, some suspects were held in preventive detention longer than
the legal limits. If the investigatory process is not completed in 18
months, the detainee may request release by a judge; however, judicial
corruption, a shortage of public defenders, inadequate case-tracking
mechanisms, and complex criminal justice procedures kept some persons
jailed for more than 18 months before trial.
Children from 11 to 16 years of age may be detained indefinitely in
children's centers for known or suspected offenses, or for their
protection, on the orders of a social worker. There is no judicial
review of such orders.
e. Denial of Fair Public Trial
The law provides for an independent judiciary, but the judiciary was
widely considered corrupt, overburdened, and weakened by vacancies at
its highest levels.
On June 9, Amnesty International characterized the justice system as
beset by "the pervasive culture of impunity and the widespread lack of
trust in the justice system," while a representative of the Office of
the UNHCHR expressed concerns about the politicization of the judicial
The constitution states that high-level court judges should be
elected by national elections. However, a controversial "short law"
allowed President Morales to appoint 18 judges to vacancies on the
Supreme Court, Constitutional Tribunal, and Judicial Council. The
appointments continue until judicial elections (scheduled for April or
May 2011) are held. Critics asserted that the interim arrangement
compromised the judiciary's independence.
The Supreme Court faced a backlog of more than 8,000 pending
requests, some dating back to 2003. According to former president of the
Supreme Court Julio Ortiz, during the year the court settled 1,600
cases. The Supreme Court had only one vacancy compared with 2009 when
five of the 12 positions were vacant.
President Morales also filled all the vacancies on the Constitutional Tribunal, which had not functioned for almost a year.
The Judicial Council, a legal oversight body created to fight
corruption and malpractice by judges, had a backlog of more than 100
disciplinary cases. The military justice system generally was
susceptible to senior-level influence and tended to avoid rulings that
would embarrass the military. When a military member is accused of a
crime related to his military service, the commander of the affected
unit assigns an officer to conduct an inquiry and prepare a report. The
results are forwarded to a judicial advisor, usually at the division
level, who then recommends a finding of innocence or guilt. For major
infractions the case is forwarded to a military court, except that
military personnel are supposed to be tried in civilian courts for human
Defendants have constitutional rights to a presumption of innocence,
to a speedy and public trial by jury, to remain silent, to have an
attorney, to confront witnesses, to present evidence on their own
behalf, to due process, to appeal, and to confront legal charges with
government prosecutors before a formal court process is initiated.
In practice the rights to an attorney and to a speedy trial were not
protected systematically. According to the Public Defender's Office, its
staffing for the country's nine departments included only 55 public
defenders and 11 legal assistants. A study by the Inter-American
Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) released in December 2009, indicated
that only 55 percent of municipalities had judges, 23 percent government
investigators, and 3 percent public defenders.
The law provides for a system of transparent oral trials in criminal
cases, requires that no pretrial detention exceed 18 months without
charges, provides for a maximum period of detention of 24 months in
cases in which a sentence is being appealed, and mandates a three-year
maximum duration for a trial. The law provides that the prosecutor is in
charge of the investigative stage of a case and that he must give
suspects an opportunity to confront charges before a trial formally
begins. However, the law was unevenly applied, and there were delays.
The prosecutor instructs police regarding witness statements and
evidence necessary to prosecute. The prosecutor pursues misdemeanor
cases (with possible sentences of less than four years) before a
sentencing judge and felony cases (with possible sentences of more than
four years) before sentencing courts. Sentencing courts feature a
five-member panel of three citizens and two judges.
Political Prisoners and Detainees
Unlike last year, there were no reports of political prisoners or
detainees. In 2009 the opposition alleged that former Pando prefect
Leopoldo Fernandez and three others were held as political prisoners,
while the government maintained they were being held legally under
judicial order (see section 1.d.) The government allowed Fernandez to
receive visitors, including international monitors, but did not allow
press to enter the prison to interview Fernandez as part of his national
election campaign. The UNHCHR continued to monitor this case at year's
Civil Judicial Procedures and Remedies
There is an independent and impartial judiciary for civil matters.
The law provides criminal remedies for human rights violations, and at
the conclusion of a criminal trial, the complainant can initiate a civil
trial to seek damages. Administratively, the ombudsman for human rights
can issue resolutions on specific human rights cases, which the
government may enforce.
f. Arbitrary Interference with Privacy, Family, Home, or Correspondence
The law prohibits such actions, and the government generally respected these prohibitions.
In connection with the May 8 killing of two youths in La Paz
Department, authorities twice raided the homes of the victims' lawyers,
Jorge Quiroz and Claudia Lecona, after they filed suit against National
Police Commander Oscar Nina and Government Minister Sacha Llorenti.
According to the ombudsman's report, these raids violated the lawyers'
human rights. The investigation continued at year's end.
Section 2 Respect for Civil Liberties, Including:
a. Freedom of Speech and Press
The law provides for freedom of speech and of the press. Although the
government generally respected these rights, it maintained an
antagonistic relationship with the press. In one example, on November
25, President Morales stated in response to a journalist's question,
"the largest and the greatest opposition [to this government] are the
journalists. Who can deny that? Can you deny this? The greatest
opposition, in reality, is the media, the owners of the media, and how
they use our friends the journalists." Opposition members charged
President Morales and government officials with making disparaging
statements regarding the press, politicizing state-produced media
content, and taking actions designed to restrict independent media or to
There were multiple independent media outlets, including printed
press, television, and radio, and the airing of various viewpoints, many
expressing opposition to the government, continued. Radio and
television stations generally operated freely. However, in rural areas
state radio was often the only available media source.
The law provides that persons found guilty of insulting, defaming, or
slandering public officials for carrying out their duties may be jailed
from one month to two years. Insults directed against the president,
vice president, or a minister increase the sentence by half. Journalists
accused of violating the constitution or citizens' rights are referred
to the 40-person Press Tribunal, an independent body authorized to
evaluate journalists' practices and to apply sanctions.
In its 2010 Freedom of the Press report, the NGO Freedom House
characterized the country's press as "partly free." Freedom House
reported "significant slides continued" in the country "as attacks and
official rhetoric against the media escalated."
On October 8, President Morales signed into law "the Law against
Racism and All Forms of Discrimination." While expressing their support
for the general principles of the law, journalists, media groups, and
the Catholic Church criticized two specific articles that would sanction
media outlets that broadcast or print racist or discriminatory content.
Media organizations held large protests and collected signatures
calling for the articles in question to be removed. They claimed the
sanctions could be applied selectively to restrict freedom of the press.
Addressing the debate over the law, UN High Commissioner for Human
Rights Navi Pillay stated during a visit in November that "international
law requires that the limitations (to freedom of expression) be
stipulated by law, be defined in a clear and precise way, and be
implemented by an independent entity."
On September 20, the offices of Radio Virtual 94.7 were damaged by a
fire that consumed much of their office and equipment. The police
continued to investigate this case, and the cause of the fire had yet to
be determined at year's end.
In March 2009 the government sued the leading daily newspaper, La Prensa,
for slander for publishing a story linking President Morales and
Presidency Minister Juan Ramon Quintana to a plan to smuggle 33
truckloads of contraband into Brazil. La Prensa editors rejected
the claim and said they considered the trial an attempt to silence the
press. The case had not been resolved at year's end.
According to data from local NGO Unir's National Media Observatory,
there were 60 reported cases of aggression (physical and verbal attacks
and threats) affecting 111 journalists.
In addition to the Anti-Racism Law, media organizations expressed
concern over other legislation that they argued would restrict press
freedom. They charged that the new Electoral Regime Law prohibited the
media from discussing, in any way, candidates standing for election to
Supreme Court and Constitutional Tribunal.
There were no government restrictions on access to the Internet or
reports that the government monitored e-mail or Internet chat rooms.
Individuals and groups could engage in the peaceful expression of views
via the Internet, including by e-mail. The International
Telecommunication Union reported that in 2009 there were 11 Internet
users per 100 inhabitants.
Academic Freedom and Cultural Events
There were no government restrictions on academic freedom or cultural events.
b. Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association
Freedom of Assembly
The law provides for freedom of peaceful assembly, and authorities
generally respected this right in practice. While the law requires a
permit for most demonstrations, security forces rarely enforced the law,
and most protesters demonstrated without obtaining permits, frequently
blockading major thoroughfares and highways.
While most demonstrations were peaceful, occasionally demonstrators
carried weapons, including clubs, machetes, firearms, and dynamite.
Security forces (police and occasionally the military) were frequently
called upon to break up protest groups carrying weapons or threatening
government and private facilities.
Freedom of Association
The law provides for freedom of association, and the government generally respected this right in practice.
c. Freedom of Religion
For a complete description of religious freedom, please see the 2010 International Religious Freedom Report at www.state.gov/g/drl/irf/rpt/.
d. Freedom of Movement, Internally Displaced Persons, Protection of Refugees, and Stateless Persons
The law provides for freedom of movement within the country, foreign
travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally
respected these rights in practice. However, throughout the year both
progovernment and opposition protesters as well as trade and industry
groups prevented movement within the country by blockading major
The law prohibits the forced exile of citizens, and the government did not employ the practice.
Protection of Refugees
The law provides for the granting of asylum or refugee status, and
the government has established a system for providing protection to
refugees. In practice the government provided some protection against
the expulsion or return of refugees to countries where their lives or
freedom would be threatened on account of their race, religion,
nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political
The government cooperated with the Office of the UN High Commissioner
for Refugees (UNHCR) and other humanitarian organizations in providing
protection and assistance to refugees, asylum seekers, stateless
persons, and other persons of concern. The UNHCR reported that the
recognized refugee population in the country was 737 persons, compared
with 673 persons in 2009. The government completed processing and agreed
to provide refugee protection in 28 cases and denied refugee status to
13 cases. There were 46 new applications during the year.
Several hundred thousand citizens lacked basic identity documents,
which prevented them from obtaining international travel documents and
accessing other government services. Some experts estimated the number
of citizens lacking documents had decreased due to government efforts.
Section 3 Respect for Political Rights: The Right of Citizens to Change Their Government
The law provides citizens the right to change their government
peacefully, and citizens exercised this right through periodic, free,
and fair elections based on universal suffrage. Many citizens of voting
age, particularly in rural areas, lacked the identity documents
necessary to vote. A broad spectrum of political parties and citizens'
groups functioned openly. Elections for national offices and municipal
governments are scheduled every five years.
Elections and Political Participation
Monitoring groups, including the Carter Center and the EU, proclaimed
the April 4 gubernatorial and municipal elections peaceful, free, and
fair. There were some allegations of fraud in the departments of Beni,
Pando, Tarija, and Santa Cruz that led the electoral courts to
invalidate some votes from polling stations in which fraud and
irregularities were confirmed. Voters enrolled at these stations were
called to recast their votes on April 18. President Morales and MAS
members publicly denounced those election results as fraud-marred and
initiated lawsuits against the four departmental electoral courts.
Monitoring groups from the Organization of American States, the EU,
and the Carter Center considered the December 2009 national presidential
and legislative elections peaceful, free, and fair. Implementation of a
new biometric electoral register greatly reduced accusations of fraud.
There were no reports of significant violence.
Every second candidate on municipal election ballots must be a woman,
a requirement that had increased female representation to approximately
30 percent of municipal council positions. There were 52 women among
Congress' 166 deputies and senators and 10 women in the 18-member
cabinet. The number of indigenous members of Congress was estimated at
The constitution and electoral law set aside seven special indigenous
districts to increase indigenous political participation in the
Plurinational Assembly (Congress). President Morales considered himself
indigenous. Three of the nine departmental governors were indigenous.
Section 4 Official Corruption and Government Transparency
The law provides criminal penalties for official corruption; however,
the government did not implement the law effectively, and officials in
the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government often
engaged in corrupt practices with impunity. Laws to combat corruption
and promote transparency include the Financial Administration and
Control Law, the State Employees Statute Act, and the Sworn Declaration
of Property and Income Law. A cabinet-level presidential appointee is
empowered to investigate corruption at any level in any branch of
According to the World Bank's 2009 worldwide governance indicators,
government corruption and lack of transparency were serious and
Police corruption was a significant problem, partially due to low
salaries and lack of training, although no reliable statistics existed
to quantify the depth of the problem.
In August the criminal court in La Paz put former vice minister of
interior Gustavo Torrico under house arrest after an announcement by
Presidency Minister Oscar Coca that Torrico was involved in extortion of
Mennonite citizens in Santa Cruz. German citizen Dirk Schmidt, who
helped create the network intended to extort money, was sentenced to
prison for his involvement in the case.
In September former president Jorge "Tuto" Quiroga was sentenced to
two years and eight months in prison for slander and defamation for
statements he made in February 2009 alleging corruption in a bank.
Quiroga claims the sentencing is politically motivated and has filed an
There were no developments in the January 2009 case of the killing of
an oil executive and robbery of briefcases believed to be linked to a
corruption scandal involving the state petroleum company.
There were no developments in the April 2009 case regarding the
purchase of land in Santa Cruz for mining purposes. The case centered on
allegations that government officials profited illegally from the sale.
A patchwork of laws requires public officials to report potential
personal and financial conflicts of interest. Cases involving
allegations of corruption against public officials require congressional
approval before prosecutors can initiate legal proceedings.
There were no laws providing access to government information.
Section 5 Governmental Attitude Regarding International and Nongovernmental Investigation of Alleged Violations of Human Rights
A number of domestic and international human rights groups generally
operated without government restriction, investigating and publishing
their findings on human rights cases. Government officials generally
were cooperative and responsive to their views; however, NGOs and the
human rights ombudsman complained that government security forces and
ministries occasionally refused to cooperate with their investigations.
The human rights ombudsperson is a position with a six-year term
established in the constitution. Congress chooses the ombudsperson by a
two-thirds majority vote. The ombudsman is charged with providing
oversight of the defense and promotion of human rights, specifically to
defend citizens against government abuses. The ombudsman operated
without party influence and with adequate resources from the government
and foreign NGOs. The ombudsman issued annual reports, and the
government usually accepted the recommendations. In May, Congress
elected Rolando Villena Villegas as the new ombudsman. Villena then
named new departmental ombudspersons. The lower house of congress
includes a permanent commission on human rights, which proposes laws and
policies to promote human rights. Congressional deputies sit on the
commission for one-year terms.
In August and September, Villena released reports criticizing the
government's role in the deaths of two youths in Caranavi and in what
the office reported as the torture and death of David Olorio Apaza (see
section 1.a.). Villena also released an end-of-year report that was
critical of the government and the speed of the judicial process.
In the aftermath of the April 2009 killing of three alleged
international terrorists in Santa Cruz (see section 1.a.), President
Morales initially rejected calls by the governments of Hungary, Ireland,
and Croatia for an international investigation but subsequently
authorized police to cooperate with investigators from the three
countries. An investigation by the Irish government concluded that the
postmortem on one of the alleged terrorists, Michael Dwyer, was
incomplete. There were no new developments by year's end.
Section 6 Discrimination, Societal Abuses, and Trafficking in Persons
The constitution explicitly prohibits discrimination based on race,
gender, language, sexual orientation, or social status. According to the
human rights ombudsperson, there was significant discrimination against
(in descending order) persons with HIV/AIDS, indigenous persons, gay
persons, and women.
Rape was a serious and underreported problem. . The law criminalizes
statutory rape, with prison terms of 15 to 20 years for the rape of a
child under the age of 14. In cases involving consensual sex with an
adolescent 14 to 18 years of age, the penalty is two to six years'
imprisonment. Forcible rape of an adult is punishable by sentences
ranging from four to 10 years' imprisonment. . Spousal rape is not a
Violence against women was also a pervasive and underreported
problem. According to the NGO Center for the Information and Development
of Women (CIDEM), 70 percent of women suffered some form of abuse.
CIDEM noted that the statistics "did not reflect the full magnitude of
the problem of violence against women" and that "a great number of
women" did not report the aggression they faced on a daily basis.
Family laws prohibiting mental, physical, and sexual violence provide
for fines or up to four days in jail, unless the case becomes a public
crime subject to the penal code; however, these laws were enforced
irregularly. The government took few meaningful or concrete steps to
combat domestic violence.
Through November, the police Family Protection Brigade handled 70,792
cases nationally. However, the police brigade lacked financial support,
structural support, and personnel to follow up and pursue all reported
cases. Most cases of domestic violence went unreported.
The law considers sexual harassment a civil crime. There were no
statistics on the incidence of sexual harassment, but it generally was
acknowledged to be widespread.
Legal services offices devoted to family and women's rights operated
throughout the country. The Maternal and Infant Health Insurance Program
provided health services to women of reproductive age and to children
under age five.
The government recognized the basic right of couples and individuals
to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing, and timing of
their children. Health clinics and local health NGOs were permitted to
operate freely in disseminating information on family planning under the
guidance of the Ministry of Public Health. The government provided
direct cash transfers to expecting and new mothers to encourage the use
of basic public health services that contribute to reducing maternal and
infant mortality. According to the 2008 Demographic and Health Survey,
the maternal mortality ratio was estimated to be 310 per 100,000 live
births, and the reported contraceptive prevalence rate among women was
61 percent; however, only 37 percent of women using contraceptives used
The 2008 Demographic and Health Survey reported that 90 and 71
percent of women received prenatal care and services of skilled birth
attendants, respectively. The survey reported that 85 percent of mothers
and infants received postnatal care. Improvement in these indicators
were explained by the Ministry of Public Health policy of providing cash
in the form of bonuses to women that register at a health center and
return for their prenatal visits, delivery, and postpartum care.
Women are entitled to the same legal rights as men; however, many
women were unaware of their legal rights. Women generally did not enjoy a
social status equal to that of men. Traditional prejudices and social
conditions remained obstacles to advancement. In rural areas traditional
practices restricting land inheritance for women remained a problem.
The minimum wage law treats men and women equally; however, women
generally earned less than men for equal work. Women sometimes
complained that employers were reluctant to hire them because of the
additional costs (mainly maternal) in a woman's benefits package. The
gender gap in hiring appeared widest in the higher education brackets.
Most women in urban areas worked in the informal economy and the
services and trade sectors, including domestic service and
microbusiness, whereas in rural areas the majority of economically
active women worked in agriculture. Young girls often left school early
to work at home or in the informal economy.
Numerous domestic and international women's rights groups worked to
advance women's rights and integrate women into the mainstream of
Citizenship is derived through both birth within the country's
territory (unless on diplomatic status) and from one's Bolivian
parent(s). Birth certificates were registered either via a notary's
affirmation of the certificate or through testimony of two adults
regarding a child's parentage. Registered birth certificates were
necessary to obtain national identification cards.
Corporal punishment and verbal abuse were common in schools. Children
from 11 to 16 years of age may be detained indefinitely in children's
centers for suspected offenses or for their own protection on the orders
of a social worker. Many children also lived on the streets of major
cities. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) estimated in 2007
that more than 3,700 children and adolescents lived on the streets in
the cities of La Paz, El Alto, Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Tarija, and
Sucre. Child prostitution was a problem, particularly in urban areas and
in the Chapare region. There were reports of children trafficked for
forced labor to neighboring countries. According to a report by Pastoral
de Movilidad Humana in 2008, the local representative of the UNHCR,
each month between nine and 11 children in the southern part of the
country disappeared and were presumed victims of trafficking. Several
NGOs had active programs to combat child prostitution.
There were 194 Defender of Children and Adolescents offices to
protect children's rights and interests nationwide. The government's
plan to combat child labor included a public information campaign
against child prostitution and raids on brothels.
The country is not a party to the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil
Aspects of International Child Abduction. For information on
international parental child abduction, please see the Department of
State's annual report on compliance at http://travel.state.gov/abduction/resources/congressreport/congressreport_4308.html.
There were no reports of anti-Semitic acts. The Jewish community numbered approximately 650 persons.
Trafficking in Persons
For information on trafficking in persons, please see the Department of State's annual Trafficking in Persons Report at www.state.gov/g/tip.
Persons with Disabilities
The law prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities
and identifies the rights and benefits afforded them. There was no
official discrimination against persons with disabilities in employment,
education, access to health care, or the provision of other state
services. The government did not effectively enforce these provisions,
however, and societal discrimination kept many persons with disabilities
at home from an early age, limiting their integration into society. The
Law on Disabilities requires wheelchair access to all public and
private buildings, duty-free import of orthopedic devices, a 50 percent
reduction in public transportation fares, and expanded teaching of sign
language and Braille.
The National Committee for Handicapped Persons was responsible for protecting the rights of persons with disabilities.
In October the government enacted a new Anti-Racism Law making it
illegal to discriminate or use racist language (see section 2.a.). This
law includes punishments of up to a 360-day suspension of media outlets
for use of alleged racist language. It also includes a mandate for all
forms of media to highlight antiracism programming or literature in
their shows and publications. There was societal and systemic
discrimination against the small black minority, which generally
remained at the low end of the socioeconomic scale and faced severe
disadvantages in health, life expectancy, education, income, literacy,
and employment. The majority of the estimated 35,000 Afro-Bolivians
lived in the Yungas region of La Paz Department.
In the 2001 census, approximately 62 percent of the population over
15 years of age identified themselves as indigenous, primarily from the
Quechua and Aymara groups. The IACHR reported that 70 percent of
indigenous persons lived in poverty or extreme poverty with little
access to education or minimal services to support human health such as
clean drinking water and sanitation systems. The government carried out a
wide-ranging program to increase access to potable water and sanitation
in rural areas where indigenous persons predominated.
Indigenous lands are not demarcated fully, and land reform remained a
central political issue. Historically, a majority of indigenous persons
shared lands collectively under the "ayllu" system, a system that was
not legally recognized during the transition to private property laws.
Despite laws mandating reallocation and titling of lands, recognition
and demarcation of indigenous lands have not been fully accomplished.
Indigenous people protested outside exploitation of their resources and
sometimes complained that authorities did not properly consult them. The
law states that indigenous peoples have the right to control natural
resources in their territories.
Indigenous peasants occupied several private properties that they did
not own, often with the backing of the Landless Movement. Since 2007 at
least eight illegal seizures of mines by campesinos have been reported.
In August campesinos seized Potosi mines during the 19-day blockade and
strikes within the region. On August 16, the federal government met
with the leaders of the strike and agreed to several of their requests
to end the blockade and strikes, including: a commission to address a
disputed border with neighboring Oruro; a commission to study the use
and preservation of the Cerro Rico mountain in Potosi city; a
declaration to construct an international airport; pledges to construct
cement factories; and extended state control over the Karachipampa
smelter upon completion of arbitration with Atlas Precious Metals
Company. At year's end there were no further developments.
Indigenous persons continued to be underrepresented in government and
politics and bore a disproportionate share of poverty and unemployment.
Government educational and health services remained unavailable to many
indigenous groups living in remote areas. The government continued to
try to improve individual and family situations through the delivery of
cash conditional transfer (money given to individuals if they meet a
condition) and retirement payments to low-income and the elderly. For
example, under the cash conditional transfer program, pregnant women and
children under the age of two receive money if they attend their
medical checkups (an attempt to decrease infant mortality).
Societal Abuses, Discrimination, and Acts of Violence Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
The law prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation,
including by police, and citizens are allowed to change their name and
gender on their official identity cards. However, societal
discrimination against gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered persons
was common and noted in local media editorials. Organizations
advocating for gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender persons existed
and marches occurred, including a small annual gay pride parade, which
received appropriate government approval and police protection. One
student was reportedly expelled from high school for being gay, although
school authorities denied that was the reason for the expulsion.
Other Societal Violence or Discrimination
The human rights ombudsman reported that persons with HIV/AIDS faced
pervasive discrimination. There were few if any registered acts of
violence against persons with HIV/AIDS. No formal government programs
existed to combat HIV/AIDS discrimination.
Section 7 Worker Rights
a. The Right of Association
The law allows workers to form and join trade unions, including in
the public sector, with some exceptions. In practice this right was
limited by government regulations and inefficient labor courts.
The law requires prior government authorization to establish a union
and confirm its elected leadership, permits only one union per
enterprise, and allows the government to dissolve unions by
administrative fiat. The law also places restrictions on unions'
internal affairs. For example, members of union executive boards must be
Bolivian by birth, and labor inspectors are allowed to attend union
meetings and to monitor union activities.
Workers may form a union in any private company of 20 or more
employees with at least 50 percent of the workforce in favor. The
minimum requirement of 20 workers proved a heavy restriction, as an
estimated 72 percent of enterprises had fewer than 20 employees.
Approximately 25 percent of workers in the formal economy, which
employed an estimated 30 percent of all workers, belonged to unions.
Bolivian unions may not join international organizations.
The law provides most workers with the right to strike but requires
unions to seek prior government mediation; the law requires the same of
employers before they initiate a lockout. According to the law, a legal
strike requires the support of 75 percent of the workers. Workers who
participate in an unlawful strike may be sentenced to prison terms of
one to five years.
The government may initiate compulsory arbitration to end a strike or
collective dispute in non-essential sectors. Public service employees,
including those in banks and public markets, are prohibited from
striking which exceeds the International Labor Organization (ILO)
definition of essential services.
Workers in the public sector (including teachers, transportation
workers, and health care workers) frequently went on strike and were not
penalized for such strike activities. General and solidarity strikes
are illegal, but the government neither prosecuted nor imposed penalties
in such cases.
The central government had close ties with certain umbrella labor
organizations such as the Bolivian Workers' Union and the Confederation
of Farm Workers. The government exerted pressure on national leadership
and local chapters of many of these organizations and funded parallel
chapters in areas where the government had less influence.
b. The Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively
The law provides workers the right to organize and bargain
collectively; however, collective bargaining and voluntary direct
negotiations between employers and workers without government
participation was limited. Most collective bargaining agreements were
restricted to addressing wages.
The law prohibits antiunion discrimination and requires reinstatement
of employees illegally fired for engaging in union activity. The
National Labor Court handles complaints of antiunion discrimination, but
rulings can take a year or more. The court ruled in favor of discharged
workers in some cases and successfully required their reinstatement.
However, union leaders stated that problems often were resolved or
obsolete by the time the court ruled.
There are no special laws or exemptions from regular labor laws in special duty-free zones.
c. Prohibition of Forced or Compulsory Labor
The law prohibits forced or compulsory labor, including by children;
however, the practices of child apprenticeship and agricultural
servitude by indigenous workers continued, as did some alleged
individual cases of household workers effectively held captive by their
In many cases indigenous Guarani families worked land owned by
landlords in exchange for housing and food but were not paid the minimum
wage. As a result they incurred large debts to their landlords and were
not permitted to leave the property without satisfying their debt. Many
of these families lived in very poor conditions without water,
electricity, medical care, or schools.
Some workers, mostly indigenous persons, were forced to work
harvesting Brazil nuts in Beni Department. The work was seasonal,
lasting approximately three months per year. During that time landlords
sold basic foodstuffs to workers at inflated prices; workers
subsequently incurred large debts and were not permitted to leave the
property until the debts were satisfied. Similar conditions existed in
the sugar, cattle, corn, and peanut industries in Santa Cruz Department.
d. Prohibition of Child Labor and Minimum Age for Employment
Child labor remained a serious problem. The law prohibits all paid
work by children under the age of 14; however, in practice the Ministry
of Labor generally did not enforce child labor laws, including those
pertaining to the minimum age and maximum hours for child workers,
school completion requirements, and health and safety conditions for
children in the workplace. The law prohibits a range of dangerous,
immoral, and unhealthy work for minors under the age of 18. Labor law
permits apprenticeship for 12- to 14-year-old children under various
formal but poorly enforced restrictions which have been criticized by
the ILO and were considered by some to be tantamount to bondage.
The Ministry of Labor is responsible for enforcing child labor
provisions but enforced them unevenly throughout the country. According
to the ILO, 848,000 children between the ages of five to 17 worked.
Roughly 800,000 children were under the age of 14 years and were working
in risky labor conditions ,354,000 in urban areas and 446,000 in rural
There was also evidence of exploitation of indigenous children in the
Chaco region, the departments of Beni and Santa Cruz, and in cities
across the country wherever individuals were migrating from the
countryside. Urban children sold goods, shined shoes, and assisted
transport operators. Rural children often worked with parents from an
early age, generally in subsistence agriculture. Children generally were
not employed in factories or formal businesses but, when employed,
often worked the same hours as adults. Children also worked in mining
gold, silver, tin, and zinc, as well as in other dangerous occupations
in the informal sector.
Child prostitution remained a problem. According to the human rights
ombudsman, 3,000 children lived in the streets, and many were exploited
sexually. The report stated that more than 100,000 children worked eight
to 12 hours a day. The International Organization for Migration
estimated that 2,000 girls worked, or were forced to work, as
The traditional practice of "criadito" service persisted in some
parts of the country. Criaditos are indigenous children of both sexes,
usually 10- to 12-year-olds, whom their parents indenture to middle-and
upper-class families to perform household work in exchange for
education, clothing, room, and board. Such work is illegal, and there
were no controls over the benefits to, or treatment of, such children.
In addition significant numbers of children faced forced-labor
situations in the production of sugarcane and Brazil nuts, mining,
agriculture, and domestic service. See also the Department of State's
annual Trafficking in Persons Report at www.state.gov/g/tip.
The government devoted limited resources to investigating child labor
cases, but NGOs and international organizations such as UNICEF
supplemented the government's efforts. The government continued its
efforts to eliminate child labor in its worst forms, working with NGOs
to discourage the use of child labor in the mining and sugar sectors by
participating in internationally funded programs to provide educational
alternatives to children who otherwise would work in mines or sugarcane
fields. Nonetheless, according to the human rights ombudsman in 2009,
3,800 children worked in mining.
e. Acceptable Conditions of Work
During the year the government raised the minimum monthly wage 5
percent to 680 bolivianos ($97) for the public and private sectors, from
647 bolivianos ($92) in 2009. The minimum wage did not provide a decent
standard of living for a worker and family. Most private-sector workers
earned more than the minimum wage. While the minimum wage fell below
prevailing wages in most jobs, certain benefit calculations were pegged
to it. Many independent workers were part of the informal economy and
did not receive the minimum wage.
Labor laws establish a maximum workweek of 48 hours, limit women to a
workday one hour shorter than that of men, prohibit women from working
at night, mandate rest periods, and require premium pay for work above a
standard workweek. In practice the government did not effectively
enforce these laws.
The Ministry of Labor's Bureau of Occupational Safety has
responsibility for protection of workers' health and safety, but
relevant standards were poorly enforced. There were fewer than 37
inspectors in the entire country. While the government did not maintain
official statistics, there were reports that workers died due to unsafe
conditions, particularly in the mining and construction sectors. A
national tripartite committee of business, labor, and government
representatives was responsible for monitoring and improving
occupational safety and health standards. The Ministry of Labor
maintained an office for worker inquiries, complaints, and reports of
unfair labor practices and unsafe working conditions.
Working conditions in cooperative-operated mines remained poor.
Miners continued to work with no scheduled rest for long periods in
dangerous, unhealthy conditions and earned relatively little for their
efforts; some earned only seven bolivianos ($1) per hour. Conditions
have changed little in the past decades, as independent miners'
cooperatives lacked the financial and technical resources needed to
improve mine infrastructure. The law provides workers the right to
remove themselves from dangerous situations without fear of losing their
jobs. Since most miners in these conditions are self-employed, they
leave mine work when prices are lower, often to work in the Chapare as
coca growers. However, few have transferrable skills. Miners return to
work in the mines when prices are high and they can earn higher wages.
Az EL DEBER beszámol a tegnapi felfüggesztett tárgyalásról. Idézi Fernando Riverát, a kormány jogi államtitkárát, aki szerint a tárgyalást Előd és ügyvédjének jelenlétének hiánya miatt függesztették fel. Ugyanakkor közli, hogy Előd állapotában nincsen változás így nem tudja mire alapozzuk a szabadlábra helyezés kérelmét. Szegény embert még nem tájékoztatták, hogy az eredeti forgatókönyv nem jött össze, és Előd ott volt a tárgyaláson, bár ők gondoskodtak arról, hogy ne legyen kiszállítási parancs. DE mivel a rabok ezt este megtudják ( Előd riadóztatott mindenkit ) , reggel az ügyvéd a bíróságon kikövetelte hogy adják ki a parancsot, és személyesen ment Elődért és a börtönigazgatóval lejátszott " meccs " után ki is vihette a tárgyalásra. Rivera az állapotváltozásra vonatkozó bizonyítékokról ( szállás, munka a tiszteletbeli konzul jóvoltából ) elméletileg nem tudhat, hiszen a meg nem tartott tárgyaláson lettek volna ismertetve, bár kétlem hogy nem lenne már a közjegyzőtől saját példánya. Egyébként a tárgyalást végül Marcelo Sosa ügyész hiánya miatt függesztették fel, akinek semmi keresnivalója nem lett volna a tárgyaláson.
Az EJU TV beszámol a Kormánypalota előtti rendőr-tüntetők dinamitos, gázos, vizes összecsapásaikról. Evo elnök és Linera alelnök az épületben voltak. A videó ( 4'35" ) tájékoztat a Brazil Ügyvédi Kamara megfigyelőként való részvételéről az április 11-én kezdődő vádemelési tárgyaláson. Aggodalmukat fejezték ki az eljárások szabálytalansága, az igazságszolgáltatás átpolitizáltsága miatt, és kifejtették hogy részletes jelentést fognak készíteni nemzetközi jogvédő szervezetek részére. Prado ezredes fia bejelenti, hogy Sosa ügyész hivatala elfelejtette megküldeni a 11-re szóló idézést. Megtámadták a Cochabambába áthelyezés döntését, hiszen az ügy illetékessége Santa Cruz-ba tartozik.
Az EL DIA részletesen beszámol a Brazil Ügyvédi Kamara részvételéről, valamint arról hogy felutaznak La Pazba meglátogatni a politikai foglyokat, akik kérték hogy az ENSZ mellett vegyenek részt az átszállítás kíséretében. Természetesen az ENSZ bolíviai képviselete nem adott erre még választ. Az Ügyvédi Kamara megfigyelői ígéretet tettek. Gary Prado Salmon ezredes ( Che Guevara-t elfogó tábornok ) jelezte, hogy nem megy el a 11-i tárgyalásra, hiszen illegális ( nincs illetékessége )és idézést sem kapott, egyébként meg Előd tegnapi tárgyalásán bemutatták hogy Sosa 4-15 között tanfolyamon van. Biztosak abban, hogy a Cochabambai tárgyalás csak arra van, hogy a Kormány megfélemlítse Elődéket, és életüket kockára tegye.